The Complete Information to Intercompany Reconciliation


Intercompany reconciliation is particular to firms with a number of subsidiaries beneath the identical dad or mum group. It is a essential step within the intercompany accounting course of and for making ready a consolidated assertion for monetary reporting.

Intercompany accounting is considerably extra difficult than customary accounting because it requires balancing a number of ledgers, monitoring inner/exterior transactions, foreign exchange conversion, performing intercompany eliminations and settlements, and making ready a consolidated monetary assertion. For enterprises, the normal accounting course of can value thousands and thousands of {dollars} and take 2-4 weeks to finalize!

This text supplies probably the most complete information to intercompany reconciliation and the way automation will help you save time & value!

Key Takeaways:

  • Intercompany reconciliation is finished between firms with the identical dad or mum entity.
  • Reconciliation helps take away duplicate entries and rectify errors. That is important for monetary reporting and tax compliance.
  • Decide the scope of your work and collect paperwork like normal ledger/bill/financial institution statements, and so on.
  • Match the paperwork utilizing doc ID or quantity/date combo. Proceed this course of until all transactions are matched.
  • Resolve discrepancies by verifying the main points utilizing supporting paperwork in coordination with affected enterprise models.
  • Streamline your intercompany reconciliation by standardizing instruments, guidelines & processes. Automate reconciliation to enhance accuracy and save time & value.

Let’s first perceive intercompany accounting and the way intercompany reconciliation is important within the course of.

What’s Intercompany accounting?

Intercompany accounting relies on the straightforward idea that transactions between group firms are irrelevant to the monetary well being of the consolidated entity. An organization can’t revenue or lose by doing enterprise with itself, and thus, ‘intercompany transactions’ are canceled out from consolidated monetary statements. 

We will divide the accounting course of into 4 steps:

Reconciliation Blogs 3
  1. Knowledge Assortment: Every subsidiary firm maintains its sub-ledger. This needs to be finalized and shared with the dad or mum firm. Together with this, supporting paperwork like invoices & receipts are connected for verification.
  2. Reconciliation: Intercompany transactions are matched, verified, and documented with supporting paperwork. An account is taken into account reconciled when all the interior transactions can cancel out one another.

This text will concentrate on the primary two steps – Knowledge Assortment & Reconciliation.

  1. Netting & settlement: This includes the precise money transfers primarily based on intercompany accounts receivables & payables. The excellent balances are cleared out, and the businesses can mirror this of their sub-ledgers.
  2. Get rid of & Consolidate – Intercompany transactions like buying items from Sub-A by Sub-B might be eradicated and faraway from the assertion. Nonetheless, intercompany transactions that have an effect on the consolidated financials usually are not eradicated. This may be investments or transactions with partially owned subsidiaries. After reconciliation and elimination, the finalized consolidated assertion is ready.

Now, let’s transfer to reconciliation:

What’s Intercompany Reconciliation?

Intercompany reconciliation is the method of matching and verifying transactions between firms of the identical dad or mum group.

What are intercompany transactions? They’re transactions between group firms like dad or mum <> subsidiary or subsidiary <> subsidiary. These transactions embrace buying items and providers, transfers of human sources, loans, joint prices, possession modifications, dividends, and royalties.

An organization’s transactions are first segregated into intercompany and exterior transactions. The exterior transactions undergo the routine account reconciliation process, the place the overall ledger is matched with paperwork like financial institution statements. In the meantime, the intercompany transactions are matched with the overall ledger of the respective firms.

Listed here are a number of examples of intercompany transactions:

Meta is the dad or mum firm for entities like Fb, Whatsapp, Instagram, and Quest. These firms can work together with one another for varied functions:

Mortgage: Fb loans Instagram the capital to scale its consumer base. This creates a legal responsibility on Instagram’s sub-ledger however an asset on the Fb sub-ledger. For Meta consolidated, no liabilities or property are being created. 

Buy/Sale: Quest is shopping for Instagram advert area to spice up its revenues. That is recorded as an expense within the Quest sub-ledger and income within the Instagram sub-ledger. Meta’s consolidated monetary assertion cancels the 2 and is not reported as income or expense.

Why is intercompany Reconciliation vital?

Intercompany reconciliation is an important step for firms with subsidiaries. Its main purpose is to precisely account for all transactions and regulate accounts in line with intercompany accounting guidelines.

This course of is important for audit, taxation, and authorized compliance. Nonetheless, it’s susceptible to errors as a consequence of its complexity. Based on a Dimensional Analysis survey, 43% of intercompany professionals felt their books had been susceptible to an SEC investigation, and 38% responded that they might probably incur tax penalties. Right here is why you have to do intercompany reconciliation:

  • Determine Accounting Errors: Transactions might be incorrectly reported in a single or each of the ledgers as a consequence of errors. Reconciliation will assist align the 2 sub-ledgers.
  • Tax Compliance: Group firms should put together a consolidated monetary assertion adjusted by Typically Accepted Accounting Rules (GAAP) or one other accounting customary. The interior transactions are topic to totally different tax guidelines, making it important to report them appropriately.
  • Investor relations: Public firms are obligated to current a consolidated monetary assertion to their traders. Misrepresenting financials can result in scrutiny from the SEC.
  • Monetary Planning: Get an total understanding of the enterprise with a consolidated assertion. This will help you higher perceive the bills & revenue of every firm.

Intercompany reconciliation is a vital and mandatory accounting step for enterprises and even small companies with totally different entities. This is a information on how you are able to do intercompany reconciliation.


The way to do intercompany reconciliation? 

Almost 85% of accountants agree that intercompany reconciliation is advanced and messy. It needs to be structured into teams to scale back the complexity, and the method needs to be automated to avoid wasting you time.

The complexity stems from the truth that there are numerous sorts of transactions – debt, fairness, human sources, merchandise, or providers. That is break up between a number of firms with transactions in numerous currencies.

The next steps will assist you to get began with intercompany recon:

Step 1: Decide Scope

You will need to start by defining the accounts you propose to reconcile and specifying the interval for reconciliation. In enterprises, a number of accountants work on this, and the corporate has to outline the scope and break up the work.

The scope might be decided in varied methods:Geography:  Group firms situated in shut geographical proximity usually share comparable accounting and tax rules. Moreover, using the native foreign money simplifies the reconciliation course of, as there isn’t a have to account for foreign money conversion and related margin of error. This makes it the most well-liked approach to outline the scope. For instance, Accountant A handles all EU accounts, whereas Acc B handles all American accounts.

Enterprise Teams: Group firms doing associated work are anticipated to have frequent intercompany transactions. For instance, Amazon can group its cloud service-related companies collectively, whereas e-commerce generally is a totally different group. You may also segregate primarily based on the fairness possession construction of inner firms.

Transaction Sort:  Segmenting the reconciliation course of by transaction varieties, comparable to gross sales, loans, or equity-related transactions, can simplify the duty by permitting you to concentrate on one transaction kind. Nonetheless, it could result in redundant work as a consequence of possession concerns, native legal guidelines, and foreign exchange changes.The scope supplies you with the accounts that you have to reconcile. Additionally, you will need to outline the interval of reconciliation. As soon as all teams are reconciled, a bunch accountant can test the reconciliation, carry out eliminations, and consolidate the assertion.

Step 2: Choose a Reconciliation Software

The in depth handbook processes concerned in intercompany reconciliation usually devour a good portion of your finance groups’ time, leading to a chronic account closure interval of 3-4 weeks.

Nonetheless, by implementing automation, you may streamline these processes, considerably lowering the burden in your crew and bettering turnaround occasions. The time saved might be higher utilized to delve deeper into monetary evaluation and to reinforce strategic monetary planning initiatives.

Listed here are the important thing issues to bear in mind whereas selecting a reconciliation instrument:

Integration with Instruments: Your firms won’t have standardized processes & instruments, which can lead to working with varied ERPs and accounting software program. A workflow automation instrument like Nanonets can seamlessly combine along with your ERPs and let you consolidate all of your paperwork in a single place.

Automate Matching: Most transactions might be matched robotically primarily based on reference ID or transaction particulars. The vital side right here is having customizable matching circumstances – actual match, partial match, match with tolerance, and extra. SAP s/4 HANA provides a number of pre-set matching choices, whereas Nanonets lets you set any matching methodology utilizing generative AI.

Sturdy & Versatile: You would want a versatile system to assist arrange totally different guidelines to handle operations and compliance throughout jurisdictions.

Collaboration: The instrument has to supply performance to let your crew work collectively on the general job. The options it’s best to search for are admin controls, notes, consumer motion historical past, and approval routing.

Reporting and Analytics: The software program ought to present insights into the information; this can be utilized to determine errors by reconciliation or to make fast monetary analyses.• Safety & Compliance: Firms might be legally constrained to not share any type of confidential statements with third events. The software program should be GDPR & SOC-compliant and will have an on-premise deployment choice.


Step 3: Gather Knowledge

Paperwork Required

Initially, you want the overall ledger of every firm, containing complete journal entries for all intercompany transactions. Moreover, you need to add supporting paperwork to resolve the discrepancy for verifications and unmatched transactions.

To grasp what supporting paperwork you want, let’s go by transaction kind:

  • Intercompany Gross sales and Buy: Intercompany gross sales and purchases are among the many most typical transactions between group firms.

    Within the normal ledger, the customer information purchases as bills and Accounts Payable if cost is not made instantly. In distinction, the vendor information it as income and Accounts Receivable if cost is not made instantly.

    The supporting paperwork are buy orders or cost receipts from the customer and invoices from the vendor.

  • Intercompany Loans & Leases: These kinds of transactions happen when one entity inside the group lends cash or infrastructure to a different group entity.

    Within the normal ledger, the lender information the mortgage as an asset within the stability sheet beneath “notes receivable,” whereas the borrower information it as a legal responsibility beneath “notes payable.”

    The supporting doc could be the mortgage settlement or the mortgage disbursement cost information.

  • Fairness Transactions: Group firms are more likely to share possession in associated firms. Fairness transactions like the acquisition of shares or dividends fall beneath this bucket.

    The sale/buy of fairness is recorded within the ‘assertion of change in fairness’ and might be verified by the ‘Possession Settlement.’  The dividends might be verified by a ‘dividend declaration type’ or cost information.

This could cowl the transactions that you just see steadily. To recap, these are the paperwork that you just require:

  • Basic Ledger
  • POs/Receipts/Invoices
  • Financial institution statements or cost information
  • Mortgage agreements
  • Possession agreements

Knowledge Assortment

You will need to acquire the above paperwork and retailer them in a centralized doc administration system. This course of is sort of easy in case your group firms retailer paperwork in the identical instrument.

Nonetheless, in case your knowledge isn’t organized, you’ll be required to collate the information from three main sources – ERPs, emails, and banks. For handbook reconciliation, you need to extract the information from every supply in CSV and retailer it in a standard format.

This course of is difficult to do manually as you might be required to drag knowledge from a number of sources and work with totally different ERPs & instruments. Automation instruments like Nanonets can combine along with your ERPs, e-mail, or financial institution to extract related data utilizing OCR and current it within the required format.

Step 4: Match Transactions

The matching course of is finished at a transaction stage, the place transactions are matched till the reconciliation distinction equals 0.

On this course of, we should first regulate transactions to the bottom foreign money, set up guidelines for matching the transactions, and embrace a cause code.

Foreign exchange Adjustment: Set a foreign money adjustment charge and convert all transactions into one foreign money.

Matching Technique: Outline the fields that you just require to match – this could possibly be quantity, date, transaction ID, and so on. Then, set an identical methodology to outline the foundations of matching. You’ll be able to choose – actual match, match inside the tolerance restrict, group matching, and so on.

For instance, let’s say you match the transaction between an EU & US enterprise unit. The EU unit buys an merchandise for $1000 or €925 and clears the cost 7 days later.

As foreign money charges fluctuate, the  €925 was value $998 on the time of cost. You’ll be able to match the transaction whereas ignoring the distinction. You’ll be able to arrange ‘matching with tolerance’ to do that robotically.

Matching transactions manually is likely one of the most time-consuming elements of the reconciliation course of. This may be simply automated by defining the matching logic and even by generative AI-suggested matches.

Motive Code: Together with the matching methodology, you need to assign cause codes that assist clarify why a specific transaction was matched. That is useful when troubleshooting and for others to grasp your work.

Step 5: Resolving discrepancies

We might have a case the place one of many models might have missed a transaction or recorded it incorrectly. In such circumstances, try supporting paperwork like invoices and work with the respective enterprise unit to document the entry precisely.

At occasions, discrepancies might not get resolved promptly. In these conditions, we will conduct a materiality evaluation. We might overlook transactions if they do not have a notable influence on our monetary statements.

For transactions with substantial worth, we will create an adjustment entry of the disputed quantity. This adjustment must be allotted to an “unresolved discrepancy” account. Whereas this does not completely remedy the difficulty, it helps us reconcile the assertion for now.

Don’t overlook to doc this discrepancy, get administration approval, and reference it by the assertion.

Step 6: Netting and Settlement

Netting is the method of aggregating monetary transactions right into a single quantity.

Let’s say A owes $1000 to B, and B owes $900 to A. Netting would simplify this, and A solely must pay B $100 ($1000-$900).

Settling is clearing excellent dues within the accounts receivables/payables and making the money. 

Step 7: Elimination and Consolidation

The reconciliation course of finishes after you have matched all transactions and the distinction hits 0. Now you can add paperwork for substantiation and get them authorised by administration.

After this, you may carry out intercompany eliminations and take away the duplications. That is lastly used within the consolidated monetary statements.

Greatest Practices in Intercompany Reconciliation

1. Standardize instruments & processes.

You will need to set a regular that every one the subsidiary accounts can observe. The issues you have to standardize –

Doc storage – Create an inventory of paperwork required, set a standardized knowledge format, and retailer it in an simply retrievable instrument.

Accounting guidelines & practices: Group firms may differ in expense classes, accounting codes, depreciation strategies, pricing methodologies, and different monetary reporting practices. You would want to make sure consistency to simplify the reconciliation course of.

Timelines: A distinction in billing cycles can result in discrepancies that should be adjusted on a case-by-case foundation. This makes it more durable to automate the method. Moreover, intercompany reconciliation requires every firm to current an correct monetary document, and the timelines for this need to be communicated.

Instruments: Using the identical software program throughout the group makes monitoring transactions, matching transactions, and reconciling balances simpler.

2. Frequent Reconciliation

Performing common reconciliations allows you to determine any discrepancies promptly. Ready till the tip of the quarter can confine you to a good timeframe, whereas variations might take longer to resolve. For this reason firms are more and more adopting automation, permitting them to conduct weekly and even day by day reconciliations.

3. Automate Reconciliation Software program

Guide reconciliation has two predominant disadvantages – time and accuracy. Automation software program can simplify your life by:

Unified interface: Routinely sync knowledge out of your current functions like QuickBooks, Xero, Gmail, or your financial institution web site. This can allow consolidating all of your monetary statements and processes beneath one roof. Leading to elevated transparency for you and your crew.

Enhance Accuracy: Guide reconciliation can lead to errors, necessitating a number of rounds of transforming the method. Most firms don’t have a sturdy course of, which ends up in errors of their intercompany accounting course of. Based on a Deloitte ballot,  merely 9.2% of firms specific confidence of their intercompany accounting course of.

A single mistake can add hours to your workload. Not solely does automation software program cut back the variety of errors, nevertheless it additionally frees up time, permitting you to allocate that point to confirm the method.

Save Time: With Nanonets, reconciliation might be completed weekly, day by day, and even immediately. This helps save your crew time from the handbook work and permits your finance crew to provide higher reporting and insights.

Save Value: Match your transactions by Gen-AI and implement your small business logic utilizing no-code workflows to flag any irregularities. This can assist shortly detect errors/frauds and assist safeguard your organization.

Simplify Compliance: Groups can usually face a problem in making ready GAAP-adjusted financials in time for reporting. You’ll be able to arrange guidelines to make the changes in-app by workflow blocks.`

If you wish to automate your month-end reconciliation course of, arrange a demo name with our specialists to automate your workflows utilizing Nanonets.



Intercompany reconciliation is part of intercompany accounting. The method includes matching and verifying transactions to make sure accuracy in monetary information. This course of is usually completed month-to-month or quarterly and might take as much as 2+ weeks to finalize.

The steps to intercompany reconciliation contain figuring out scope, deciding on a instrument, accumulating knowledge, matching, and reconciling. Automation software program can prevent time on each step of this course of.

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